This is a very interesting article, with lots of good information.
There is a large list of plants that can be grown hydroponically, and outlines the environmental benefits of hydroponics. Keep in mind, this is from a website that also has an online store, there is a little bit of advertising. Otherwise I found this to be a good read.
I hope this is useful!
I think this is my favourite part:
“With hydroponic technology and a controlled environment, you have the ability to grow premium quality produce using minimal space, water and fertilizer. Amazingly, with artificial light, 6 square feet of space has been proven to nutritionally feed a family of 4 year-round!”